Acupuncture takes part in the Regeneration stage in the RTM System. It is also involved in the Supporting Systems processes in the treatment triad. in the RTM System. it is aimed that the "qi" energy in the body circulates smoothly in all meridians with the Acupuncture practices. In the Electrical Body, it coordinates the electrical body potential by assisting the Fascia organization with the circulation of "qi" energy.

What is Acupuncture

The word acupuncture is formed from the combination of the Latin words “acus” meaning needle and “punctio” meaning to prick. Acupuncture application is based on the principle of inserting special needles with very fine tips into certain points on the skin and stimulating these points. It is a method that has been used in the treatment of various ailments for thousands of years.

How does acupuncture work?

The principle of action of acupuncture has not yet been fully resolved. However, studies have shown that acupuncture increases the release of serotonin and endorphins, also known as happiness hormones. The increase in the release of these substances is effective against pain and supports positive mood.

There are some experimental studies showing that acupuncture is effective against pain caused by back and joint problems. A placebo-controlled study conducted in the USA showed that acupuncture had a better effect on chronic pain than placebo. Based on the researches, it is thought that the principle of action of acupuncture in the treatment is as follows:

  • By acting on the nervous system (Enorphins, endogenous pain relievers)
  • By affecting hormones
  • By activating blood vessels
  • By enhancing immunity
  • By acting on the relaxation of the muscles.

How is acupuncture treatment done?

Disposable, sterile and special fine needles are used in acupuncture treatment. The points where the needles will be inserted are planned specifically for the disease of which the treatment is aimed. Acupuncture points are located 2mm to 4cm deep in the skin. This depth varies depending on where they are located on the body

A slight pain or sting may be felt, only when the needles are inserted. Afterwards, a slight feeling of warmth may spread in the treated areas. Generally, the needles stay on the skin for an average of 20-30 minutes. Special stimulation techniques are used to achieve the targeted effects. For instance, needles can be heated, moved, or stimulated by subliminal stimulation.

Benefits of acupuncture

The acupuncture method, which has been used for the treatment of many diseases for thousands of years, is now accepted by scientific medicine in the category of complementary medicine.

  • It helps to relieve pain without medication.
  • It provides an additional contribution to the treatment of chronic and acute diseases and accelerates recovery.
  • Supports the strengthening of immunity and provides protection against diseases
  • It makes patients feel better mentally and spiritually.
  • It may help weight loss.
  • It provides additional support in the treatment of smoking addiction.
  • Acupuncture points

In 1991, the World Health Organization published a report describing 361 acupuncture points in the human body. Today, acupuncture points are seen by western physicians as points to stimulate muscles, connective tissue and nerves.

According to traditional Chinese medicine, on which acupuncture is based; energy or life force flows through certain meridians, pathways in our body. acupuncture is a method that provides balancing in this flow. For this reason, the energy flow is aimed to be rebalanced by inserting needles at certain points along the meridians in the body.

According to the philosophy of acupuncture, there are thousands of acupuncture points in the body and each affects different regions, organs or body systems. As a result of CT scans performed in modern medicine, it has been determined that traditional acupuncture points intersect with micro-vessel cluster points in the body.

Who Can Apply Acupuncture?

According to the Acupuncture Treatment Regulation published by the Ministry of Health in 1991, medical doctors who successfully complete the training courses opened with the permission of the Acupuncture High Commission and receive a certificate can apply. In addition, dentists can apply acupuncture, provided that they comply with the provisions of the regulation and use it only for their own fields.

How many types of acupuncture are there?

There are two types of acupuncture practices.

Body acupuncture

Applying to many points on the body, the nerves are stimulated and the signals formed here are transmitted to the brain. The signals are evaluated by the brain and a response is sent to the relevant organ. Thus, energy balance is provided in the targeted areas. It can be applied on the head, neck, back, arms, legs, hands and feet.

Ear acupuncture

The ear is the most important region seen as the mirror of the body in the philosophy of acupuncture and it is thought that there is an acupuncture point belonging to each organ on ear. For this reason, acupuncture points in the ear are used alone or together with the body in acupuncture treatment.

Acupuncture techniques


Conventional acupuncture is the most commonly used method among acupuncture applications. Applications are made by placing sterilized disposable special needles on various acupuncture points in the body. Needles are kept on the skin for approximately 20-30 minutes.


The acupressure method is a treatment procedure applied by massaging the acupuncture points with the fingers. Thus, the energy density collected in the region is spread. In this way, it is aimed to relieve the organs that are considered to be connected with the relevant points.

Laser Acupuncture

In laser acupuncture, certain points are reached and stimulated by a pulse of laser light instead of an acupuncture needle. It is a painless and mild method especially suitable for people who are afraid of needles.


Moxibustion is a method frequently used in the Far East. The plant called mugwort leaves are burned and kept above the acupuncture points on the body, and stimulation is provided by heating the skin at these points.

Electro Acupuncture

Needles are inserted into acupuncture points on the body or in the ear, and electric current is sent to the tips of these needles. Although there are opinions that the electro acupuncture method is more effective than others, scientific data proving this has not been obtained yet.

What diseases is acupuncture used to treat?

The World Health Organization has defined 40 different diseases for which acupuncture can be applied. There is scientific evidence that acupuncture can help treat many common ailments such as allergic asthma, hay fever, menstrual cramps, tennis elbow and functional gastrointestinal problems. Although there are many ailments that can be treated with acupuncture, the main diseases are listed below.

  • Migraine and headache
  • weight loss or weight gain
  • Digestive system ailments
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Allergies and related ailments
  • Psychological disorders
  • Respiratory diseases
  • Back and shoulder pain
  • Rheumatic complaints
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Gynecology
  • Facilitating childbirth
  • Quitting smoking
  • Essential hypertension

Pain treatment with acupuncture

Many studies have shown in recent years that acupuncture can be effective in the treatment of certain types of pain. Many studies have been conducted on the ability of acupuncture to manage pain, especially against headaches, back, neck, knee and osteoarthritis pain.

A large-scale study in Germany has shown that acupuncture provides significant benefits for pain, backache and headache complaints associated with knee osteoarthritis. According to the same research, it was determined that acupuncture treatment helped to reduce the number of painful days by 50% in tension-type headaches.

Weight loss with acupuncture

Acupuncture therapy for weight loss is considered to be effective. However, it is not possible to lose weight with acupuncture without a proper nutrition plan and exercise. Therefore, it should be applied together with regular exercises and diet.

It is thought that acupuncture treatment helps to lose weight with the following various mechanisms by affecting the energy flow in the body;

  • Accelerating metabolism
  • Reducing appetite
  • Suppressing the hunger center in the brain
  • Managing and reducing stress

According to traditional Chinese medicine, imbalances in the body cause weight gain. These imbalances are mostly caused by kidney, spleen, liver, thyroid gland or hormonal dysfunctions. Therefore, in order to lose weight, acupuncture treatments are usually applied to these areas of the body.

According to the philosophy of acupuncture, there are points on the ear that stimulate all organs in the body. Therefore, the most important acupuncture points for weight loss are on the ear. On the other hand, since the distance between the ear and brain is short, the acupuncture points here are much more effective.

Acupuncture points on the ear are stimulated due to the places where fat accumulations occur in the body. If there are symptoms such as gastrointestinal problems, back pain, knee joint osteoarthritis, it is included in the treatment plan. In order to ensure the permanence of the results, the needles can remain in the ear points for up to 10 days, depending on the symptoms of the person. Some of the effects of acupuncture application on the ear are as follows.

  • Decreased feeling of hunger
  • Faster saturation
  • Accelerating metabolism
  • Accelerating fat burning
  • Removal of toxins from the body
  • Prevention of overeating
  • Eradicate the hunger crisis
  • Feeling more calm, balanced and active

Correcting mistakes in eating habits, which is the main reason for gaining excess weight, requires patience and stability. Acupuncture supports the person to adapt to a healthy and balanced diet. Stomach problems, fatigue, headaches and psychological problems that occur during the diet and may cause to quit the diet over time can be controlled with the help of acupuncture treatment,.

Acupuncture increases the levels of serotonin and endorphins, also known as happiness hormones in the body, and decreases the level of noradrenaline. It also makes you happy when you don’t eat. In addition, because it accelerates metabolism, more calories are burned than normal, so you can lose weight faster.

Prompt and permanent results are achieved when acupuncture treatment is applied together with an appropriate exercise plan and a balanced nutrition program. Thanks to acupuncture reducing stomach acid, regulating digestion, balancing insulin and other hormones, accelerating metabolism, and supporting mental balance, it is possible to get rid of approximately 10-15% of the current weight in a period of 2 months.

Quitting smoking with acupuncture

It has been stated that acupuncture is one of the most successful methods accepted by the World Health Organization regarding quitting smoking. Acupuncture treatment causes the release of serotonin and endorphins, leading to the elimination of nicotine desire in the body.

Acupuncture needles inserted into the reflex points in the ear or applied laser acupuncture stimulate the receptors that provide endorphins in the brain, allowing the release of endorphins. This helps the person not to have a withdrawal crisis when nicotine is not taken, and also not to experience symptoms such as tension, fatigue, numbness in the tongue and head, lack of concentration, headache, diarrhea, constipation or increased appetite.

With the serotonin and endorphins released by acupuncture application, it is possible to both eliminate the need for nicotine and to comfortably spend the first 3 days, which is considered the most critical period in quitting smoking. The number of sessions needed afterwards may vary from person to person.

Does acupuncture have side effects?

Acupuncture, which is performed under sterile conditions and applied to the right points, has no significant side effects. A slight feeling of relaxation may occur since the endorphin level in the body will increase after the treatment. Some people may experience a slight pain at the needle insertion points.

Acupuncture in the World

Acupuncture is an effective and scientific treatment method approved by the World Health Organization (WHO). In addition to the Far East countries, it is successfully applied in European countries such as England, France, Austria, Germany and the USA. It is generally used as the first treatment in China, Japan, Taiwan and Korea. Acupuncture treatment method began to gain popularity in the late 1970s in Western countries and America.

Professor Felixma from Cambridge University in England has statistically proven that successful results of up to 85-90% are obtained with acupuncture treatment in hormonal disorders and gynecological diseases. There are 242 schools providing acupuncture education in Europe. Many Western countries have acupuncture and alternative therapy chairs.

For example, there are more than 10 Acupuncture Academy Centers in America. There are 16 thousand doctors applying acupuncture treatment in Germany. Official and private insurance companies in Western countries have started to cover the treatment fees by accepting the acupuncture as a treatment method.

History of Acupuncture

According to some sources, acupuncture has been practiced by the Chinese and Uyghur Turks for 5000 years. It has been suggested that acupuncture treatment dates back to earlier than the written period of Chinese history. it is stated that sharp-edged stones called Bian were used long before the use of acupuncture needles in the book called Shuo Wen Jie Za, which was written during the Han Dynasty between 206 BC and 220 AD. Afterwards, needles made of bone or bamboo began to be used instead of these stones.

The most extensive information about the application of acupuncture is found in the medical book called The Classic of Internal Medicine-Huangdi (Huangdi Nei Jing) written in China in 475-221 BC. In this work, both the information transferred from the ancient period and the techniques applied at that time are included.

Acupuncture practices developed and became widespread from the Eastern and Western Tsin Dynasties period between 265-420 AD and the Southern and Northern Dynasties between 420-589 AD. The names and exact locations of the meridian points used for acupuncture are specified in the book named Zhen Jiu Jia Yi Jing, written during this period. In addition, the characteristics of each point and its relationship with the others are also explained.

The most important contribution to acupuncture treatment was made by Wang Wei-yi’s book Tong Jen Shu Xue Zhen Jiu Tu Jing. In the book, detailed explanations about acupuncture points are made, and the certain location of 657 points on the human body is shown.

When acupuncture was taught as a course in the royal medical academy during the Tang Dynasty, doctors who played an important role in the development of this method were trained.

Acupuncture was first introduced to western countries by Dabry (1853) and Morant (1927). Today, acupuncture is applied in the treatment of more than 150 ailments, which have been accepted by the WHO (World Health Organization) in all countries.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the points to consider before acupuncture treatment?

Before acupuncture treatment, it is necessary not to be too hungry or too full, not to drink alcohol and not to be tired if possible. It is recommended not to apply perfume and body cream before application. After acupuncture treatment, the person should rest and avoid heavy and tiring work.

How long does acupuncture treatment take?

Non-chronic and recent ailments are treated in a shorter time than others. Usually, the number of sessions varies between 5-10. With the appropriate method, recovery is expected from the first 3 sessions. For some ailments, it may be necessary to increase the duration of the sessions and continue the treatment intermittently.

Can diseases such as AIDS, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C be transmitted by acupuncture needles?

Acupuncture application is made with sterile and disposable needles and then these needles are thrown away. Therefore, no infection can be transmitted with acupuncture needles.

Does acupuncture needle hurt?

Since acupuncture is applied with very thin and special needles, no pain is usually felt. Rarely, some people may experience a slight and temporary pain when the needle is inserted.

How long does an acupuncture session take?

The duration of the acupuncture session can vary between 20-60 minutes. The frequency and number of sessions vary according to the characteristics of the person and the disease.

Is acupuncture harmful?

Acupuncture has no harm to the body If applied by experts.

Can children be given acupuncture?

Acupuncture therapy can be applied to all ages, including children. Laser acupuncture can be preferred for children with a fear of needles.

Who can not be applied acupuncture?

Acupuncture treatment may not be suitable for people who have problems with blood coagulation, use blood thinners, and have a pacemaker. It is a risky application for pregnant women because of the possibility of causing premature birth.

What does Dry Needling Therapy with Acupuncture mean?

Dry needle treatment is the treatment applied by dipping the needles, which are also used in acupuncture treatment, into the trigger points in the muscle and connective tissues. The term “dry” is used since no product such as steroids, mesotherapy, local anesthetics is applied during the treatment.

Although acupuncture needles are used in the treatment, it is actually a different treatment method. Needles are inserted into the muscle determined by examination, not into standard points as in acupuncture.

What does Traditional Medicine and Complementary Medicine mean?

According to the World Health Organization, the definition of traditional medicine is as follows; knowledge, skills and practices based on beliefs and experiences of different cultures, which are used to prevent, diagnose, heal or treat physical and mental disorders, as well as to maintain the state of being healthy. They are also supportive and complementary methods of modern medicine.

Complementary medicine, on the other hand, is the application of health practices that are believed to provide additional benefits, together with conventional medicine.

What is T&CM?

T&CM stands for “Traditional and Complementary Medicine Practices”.In order to prevent illegal and unauthorized practices in this field, the regulation prepared by the Ministry of Health on these methods was published in the Official Gazette on October 27, 2014.

According to this regulation, only doctors and dentists, on the condition that they practice only in their own field, are authorized by the Ministry of Health. The applications mentioned in the regulation are Phytotherapy (treatment with herbs), Acupuncture, Cupping Therapy, Leech Therapy, Hypnosis, Ozone Therapy, Mesotherapy, Apitherapy, Prolotherapy, Osteopathy, Reflexology, Homeopathy, Chiropractic, Larva Practice and Music Therapy.

How much are acupuncture prices?

Acupuncture fees vary since the duration and frequency of sessions of acupuncture treatment will vary depending on the condition of the person, the level of discomfort, and other health problems.

Does acupuncture make you gain weight?

Weight gain can be occur when acupuncture treatment applied for weight loss is abandoned before it is completed and then an unhealthy and unbalanced diet is adopted. If the diet and exercise is maintained properly, weight is not gained.

Is acupuncture good for insomnia?

Acupuncture treatment is an effective method against insomnia caused by stress. Treatment increases the secretion of antistress hormones, especially endorphins. These hormones also have analgesic effects.

How many days do acupuncture needles stay?

According to the patient’s needs, the doctor decides whether temporary or permanent needling will be done. When permanent needles are used in acupuncture, it can remain in the body for 10-15 days, depending on the condition and disease of the person.

Is acupuncture good for migraine?

According to the studies, acupuncture treatment has shown a success of nearly 80% in migraine cases, thanks to its pain-relieving and pain-preventing feature.

At what age can acupuncture be done?

Acupuncture can be applied at any age for people who do not have any other disease.

Is acupuncture done in public hospitals?

Treatment methods such as cupping and acupuncture have started to be applied in state hospitals under the name of traditional and complementary medicine treatment.

Can a physiotherapist do acupuncture?

It is accepted that acupuncture is a part of physiotherapy. It is known that approximately 15 percent of physiotherapists are qualified to practice acupuncture.

In which country did acupuncture therapy first appear?

It is known that acupuncture was first systematized by the Chinese and first book was written on this subject in 200 BC. According to some sources, acupuncture has been practiced by the Chinese and Uyghur Turks for 5000 years.

What is an acupuncture earring?

It is in the form of tiny needles fixed on the ears. It is used to maintain the effectiveness of acupuncture treatment between sessions especially in treatments such as addiction, appetite suppression, and motion sickness.