What is Cupping Therapy?
Cupping therapy, also known as Hijama, is the process of drawing the skin with the help of a scalpel and collecting blood by vacuuming this area with a heated wide-mouthed glass. In the dry cup treatment, only vacuuming is applied to certain points, blood is not removed from scratches.
How does Cupping Therapy work?
As the energy channels in the body are filled with toxins, it inhibits the activities of the body system. When discharged with cupping, these toxins, which are increased especially in the spring, are prevented from passing into the blood. Thus, blood is purified from toxins that affect many systems, especially the circulatory system, and cause irregular functioning of the relevant organs.
How is Cupping Therapy done?
a lit stick is placed in a cup and heated. The oxygen inside the cup is taken and quickly placed on a determined point on the skin and a vacuum is created with the cooling of the cup. In another method, a special cup put on the skin is vacuumed from the outside. In both ways, the blood flow in the capillaries is collected to the targeted area and the blood rushes to the area where the air pressure decreases. The goal of both methods is to provide microcirculation in the subcutaneous tissue and to help circulation become more regular.
Which parts of the body are cupping done?
Cupping therapy sections are located along the energy channels in the body. It is mostly applied between the shoulders, on the back, on the back of the head, or on points close to the organ where there is pain or discomfort.
What are the types of cupping therapy?
- Cupping (wet cupping treatment): Cupping points are cut with a scalpel and blood is drawn through vacuum.
- Dry fixed: The cup vacuums in one position without bleeding.
- mobile mug: The mug is scrolled over the body.
- Moxibustion: It is applied by burning dried plants.
- Cupping therapy is applied with acupuncture.
- Cupping treatment with drugs: It is applied using ointment or cream.
Who Can Apply Cupping Therapy?
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For Which Diseases Is Cupping Treatment Applied?
- To strengthen the immune system
- Pain treatment
- Treatment of chronic fatigue
- Infertility treatment
- Prostate and sexual problems
- Hormonal disorders
- Treatment of obesity
- Purification from toxins
- Headache and migraine treatment
- High blood pressure and diabetes
- Foot sprains and bruising
- Musculoskeletal diseases (rheumatism, osteoarthritis)
- Treatment of circulatory disorders and varicose veins
- Digestive system disorders
- Respiratory system disorders
- nervous system disorders
What are the benefits of Cupping Therapy?
Cupping therapy, one of the oldest known treatment methods, can be used to cure various diseases. It contributes to the treatment of many ailments such as high blood pressure, circulatory disorders, calcifications, balancing various body systems, general body and organ cleansing, headache and dizziness.
Does Cupping have side effects?
Cupping therapy, which should be applied by specialist physicians, does not have any significant side effects when applied under the right conditions. Undesirable results such as vascular rupture, infection and skin burns can be experienced in unauthorized and incorrect applications.
Is cupping therapy safe?
Cupping therapy is a Traditional and Complementary Medicine application based on scientific evidence and approved by the Ministry of Health. It is a safe treatment if applied with patient-oriented approach by a specialist physician in ministry-approved institutions,
In which cases is cupping therapy not applied?
- Those with thrombosis and clotting disorders
- Those who have active bleeding in any part of the body
- Those with wounds or surgical cuts that have not yet closed
- Patients with decompensated heart disease
- On varicose areas
- In risky pregnancies (it should also be applied carefully and under expert follow-up in non-risk pregnancies)
Cupping Treatment Around the World
Academic interest in cupping therapy, which is also supported by modern medicine, has increased rapidly in recent years. Positive results are obtained with cupping therapy performed by certified specialist doctors in clinical settings. Cupping therapy, which has gained the attention it deserves in many countries, especially in Western countries in recent years, is one of the most important methods of traditional medicine.
History of Cupping Therapy
Cupping therapy has been practiced in many cultures around the world for more than five thousand years. Cupping was first applied by the Assyrians in 3500 BC using animal horns and bamboos.
The oldest written document of cupping therapy is the work called Ubi Plethore Ibi Evacua, which describes the practices in ancient Macedonia in 3300 BC. Cupping is mentioned in the Ebers Papyrus in Egypt in 1550 BC. Herodotus (484-425 B.C.) reported that Egyptian physicians used dry and wet cupping treatments. Hippocrates and Galen also used cupping therapy in the Babylonian and Assyrian empires, combined with acupuncture in China.
Ibn-i Sina mentioned the practice of Hijama in his work called Canon Medicinae and this valuable work has been used in European Universities until the last century. Today, cupping therapy is applied especially in Northern Europe, America, Australia, India, Africa, Far East and Middle East countries.
Frequently Asked Questions
Is cupping therapy supported by science?
There are two scientific approaches to the mechanism of action of cupping therapy.
According to traditional Chinese medicine, cupping therapy balances Ying and Yang and controls the flow of chi.
According to modern medicine, the physical pressure exerted by cupping triggers nerves and endocrine (hormonal) responses. These situations occur systematically in certain regions.
Does cupping therapy reduce pain?
Cupping therapy has been successfully and safely used for reducing and eliminating pain.
Does cupping therapy activate and support the immune system?
With cupping therapy, toxic substances in the connective tissue are reduced, the lymphatic system is supported, and the immune system is strengthened by the elimination of pathogenetic agents in the blood.
Does cupping have an effect on hypertension (high blood pressure)?
Cupping therapy is thought to have a positive effect on high blood pressure due to its relaxing and circulatory stabilizing effect.
Is it beneficial for skin diseases?
Support can be obtained from cupping therapy for skin problems. However, it should be decided by the specialist doctor whether it will be good or harmful.
Does it help stomach ulcers or constipation?
In a study conducted in Iran, 120 children with functional constipation were divided into two groups and followed for 12 weeks. In one group dry cupping therapy to the anterior part of the abdomen was used, and in the other group standard laxatives were used. As a result, it has been reported that both treatments provide the same result. In another study, it was revealed that mobile cup therapy against constipation had positive results.
What should be considered before and after cupping treatment?
The application must be made by a specialist physician, under hygienic conditions in a clinical environment. It is recommended that cupping should not be applied with a full stomach, since the blood flow to the skin may decrease with the increase in mesenteric arterial circulation after meals. A diet low in protein is recommended for a day or two before and after the application. It is recommended not to take a bath for 24 hours after the application.
Is cupping a painful practice?
During the cupping treatment, which is used for the treatment of various pains, no pain or pain is felt if it is applied correctly.
How long does cupping take?
Even though it varies according to the area to be applied and its purpose, cupping sessions usually take about 30 minutes.
In how many days is the cupping therapy done?
The duration and frequency of cupping treatment, which can be applied due to a disease or just to stay healthy, should be decided by the doctor. It may be sufficient to apply once or twice a year when applied only for protecting health.
What does complementary medicine mean?
According to the World Health Organization, the definition of traditional medicine is as follows; knowledge, skills and practices based on beliefs and experiences of different cultures, which are used to prevent, diagnose, heal or treat physical and mental disorders, as well as to maintain the state of being healthy. They are also supportive and complementary methods of modern medicine.
In order to prevent illegal and unauthorized practices in this field, the regulation prepared by the Ministry of Health on these methods was published in the Official Gazette on October 27, 2014. According to this regulation, only doctors and dentists, on the condition that they practice only in their own field, are authorized by the Ministry of Health.
Physicians and dentists (only in their own fields) will be able to apply these treatment methods if they get a certificate with the training programs they will receive.
It should be checked that a center that will apply any of the traditional and complementary medicine methods has a permit issued by the ministry and the person applying the treatment is a Phytotherapy certified doctor
What is T&CM
T&CM stands for “Traditional and Complementary Medicine Practices”. According to the regulation published by the Ministry of Health, T&CM can only be done in ministry-approved places and by physicians who have training certificates. The fields of T&CM, for which training was started to be given to physicians within the scope of this regulation, are as follows;
- Phytotherapy (Treatment with Herbs)
- Cupping Therapy
- Leech Therapy
- Ozone Therapy
- Music Therapy
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