Graves Disease

According to statistics, the incidence of Graves' disease in the society is around 1%, and it occurs when the thyroid gland produces more hormones than normal. The disease, which can be controlled with an appropriate and regular treatment, colloquially is known as toxic goiter.

What is Graves disease (Toxic Goiter)?

Graves disease, colloquially known as toxic goiter, is an autoimmune disease defined as the body’s immune system fighting against its own tissues. It is a common type of hyperthyroidism, which causes the thyroid gland to produce more thyroid hormone than normal.

What kind of problems does Graves cause?

Because the hormones secreted by the thyroid gland affect a wide variety of areas in the body, Graves’ symptoms can have a wide range of effects and negatively affect daily life.

Eye involvement is common, especially in Graves’ patients who smoke. In this case, called Graves’ ophthalmopathy, symptoms such as watering, burning, stinging, sensitivity to light, blurred or double vision, swelling, redness, inflammation, protrusion of the eyes, incomplete closure of the eyelids, and headache may be encountered. Eye movements get difficult and even blindness may occur due to the involvement of the optic nerve.

If red-orange exfoliation of the skin and non-marking swellings occur when pressed, this is called Graves dermopathy. In this case, sometimes itching and pain may also occur.

The thyroid hormone secreted in excess causes osteoporosis, which prevents the passage of calcium into the bones and impairs the bone structure. When Graves disease is left untreated, bones become weaker and more fragile.

Graves’ disease can cause heart disease if it is left untreated. It can lead to rhythm disturbance, deterioration of the heart muscle and heart failure.

Thyroid storm occurs in some patients. It is a serious condition that is rare but very dangerous if it is left untreated, caused by the passage of previously stored thyroid hormones into the blood. It can cause symptoms such as fever, somnolence, palpitations, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and cardiac insufficiency.

What Causes Graves Disease?

Graves disease is an autoimmune disease that occurs when our immune system loses its balance and attacks the thyroid gland. In Graves disease, the immune system creates antibodies called thyroid stimulating immunoglobulins. Because of these antibodies, the thyroid gland produces much more thyroid hormone than the body needs.

What Are the Symptoms of Graves Disease?

  • Eye involvement (Ophthalmopathy)
  • Losing weight despite eating, diarrhea
  • Palpitations, pain in the chest
  • Shortness of breath
  • Anxiety and irritability
  • Shaking hands
  • Concentration problems
  • Sleep problems
  • Excessive sweating, inability to withstand the heat
  • Hair loss
  • Menstrual irregularity
  • Weakness in the muscles
  • Sexual dysfunction

Who Gets Graves Disease?

Graves disease, which is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism, can be seen at all ages, although it is most common in the 20-40 age group. It is about 4-5 times more common in women than men.

How is Graves Disease Diagnosed?

In addition to the examination, blood tests, ultrasound, thyroid scintigraphy and iodine uptake test can be applied for the diagnosis of Graves disease. As a result of the blood tests, it is mostly seen that T3 and T4 values are high and TSH hormone levels are low.

How to Treat Graves Disease in RTM approach?

The aim of the RTM approach is not to suppress the symptoms of Graves’ disease directly, but to eliminate the underlying factors of the disease. In the RTM approach, this is called the Treatment Tradition.

Treatment Triad includes the processes of starting the detox process to return to the normal state of balance in the body, eliminating the imbalance in the malfunctioning systems and reversing the epigenetic changes in DNA. This process is planned completely individually.

The main part of the treatment triad is RTM Phytotherapy. The phytotherapy protocol is determined by evaluating the detailed anamnesis, laboratory and imaging findings of the individual, and measurements specific to RTM clinics. With the RTM Phytotherapy protocol, the disease trait forming the source part is withdrawn and treated. By informing the body with plants, it is aimed to normalize the epigenetic changes in the DNA underlying the disease. In order to adapt the body to the normalization process of this information, a treatment protocol specific to RTM is applied.

With the acceleration of detox activities in the body and the initiation of repair processes, the treatment triad that will regulate the systems is activated. Already when the disease triad is withdrawn, the body automatically returns to the norm form.

In the RTM treatment protocol, in addition to phytotherapeutics, nearly 25 traditional medicine methods such as Ozone, Hijama, Acupuncture, Magnetic field therapy are planned according to the needs of the patient in order to support the body and accelerate the treatment process.

In the RTM approach, the patients included in the treatment protocol are followed up with very close follow-up processes. Follow-up periods are weekly, 2 weeks, monthly, 40 days and 4 months (3×40 days). The frequency of calls for treatment is determined by considering criteria such as the severity of the person’s current illness, the level of toxicity, irregular blood pressure and blood sugar values, the presence of acute infection, and the patient’s needs. At the end of 4 months (3×40 days) treatment, the general condition of the patient is evaluated. The response of the patient’s body to the treatment is compared with the recorded complaints and medical findings at the beginning of the treatment.

By revealing the change in the disease infrastructure, a prediction is made about how long the treatment will continue.

Frequently Asked Questions

Does every thyroid disease affect the eyes?

Eye involvement mostly occurs in Graves patients with overactive thyroid gland or toxic goiter, but it does not always occur in Graves’ patients and it is very rare in Hashimoto’s patients.

Does Graves Disease Have a Cancer Risk?

Whether a person with a nodule in the thyroid gland carries a cancer risk or not, can be understood by taking a piece of the nodule in the patient’s thyroid gland with biopsy. Thyroid cancer, which is one of the least common among all cancer types, is also one of the types that gives the most positive response to treatment.

What happens if Graves disease is not treated?

If Graves disease is not treated, it will negatively affect the general health and quality of life of the person. In addition, it can be life-threatening by causing other secondary diseases. Therefore, it is absolutely necessary to apply to a health institution and be treated in a timely and appropriate manner.

Does toxic goiter kill?

If toxic goiter is not treated, complications that may arise due to the disease can carry fatal risks.

What should toxic goiter patients eat and what should they not eat?

Nutritional programs in goiter should be prepared individually and by a specialist. The disease cannot be cured with diet alone. However, it is possible to contribute to the treatment with some nutrients to be added to the nutrition program.

  • Foods high in protein and energy such as chicken, turkey, beans and hazelnuts can be consumed as weight loss and muscle weakness may occur.
  • Caffeinated foods and beverages should be avoided as they will increase symptoms such as anxiety, irritability and palpitations related to Graves’ disease.
  • Iodine deficiency can lead to enlargement of the thyroid gland, however, excess iodine can cause hyperthyroidism. Therefore, the doctor should be consulted on how much iodine should be consumed.
  • Especially if there is eye involvement, foods rich in selenium such as seafood, eggs, bread, cereal, Brazil nuts and dairy products can be preferred.
  • Foods with high magnesium content such as avocados, dark chocolate, almonds and legumes can be consumed to increase calcium absorption.
  • Consumption of products such as milk, cheese and yoghurt, which are valuable in terms of calcium support, can be emphasized against osteoporosis.
  • Foods containing vitamin D such as eggs, mushrooms, salmon can help prevent osteoporosis.

How long does toxic goiter treatment take?

Treatment is implemented with antithyroid drugs and further levels of radioactive iodine or surgery. Medical treatment lasts for 1-2 years on average. Initial high doses are reduced as the disease settles.

Which salt should toxic goiter patients use?

Iodine deficiency can lead to enlargement of the thyroid gland, however, excess iodine can also cause hyperthyroidism. Therefore, the doctor should be consulted on how much iodine should be consumed.

Can toxic goiter patients get pregnant?

Women with Graves’ disease or a genetic predisposition should consult a physician when they decide to become pregnant and make sure their hyperthyroidism is under control. Thus, they can prevent possible risks for themselves and their babies.

What is toxic goiter atom therapy?

Atom therapy, also known as radioactive iodine therapy, may often be the most appropriate treatment for an overactive thyroid. Radioactive iodine taken orally is then absorbed in the stomach and intestinal tract, and it is retained especially by thyroid cells.