The following aims with Thermographic Scanning in the RTM system;
- Determination of the vascular disorder in the body
- Determination of cysts or similar structures that may occur in the body
- Determination of problems that may occur/have occurred with the skin
- Determination of the working levels of organs
- Determination of pain centers in the body
All objects and living things emit IR rays as a function of their temperature. Every part of the body has a temperature level. Monitoring these heat levels and measuring their values are very important for the diagnosis and treatment stages.
Thermography is the recording of the heat energy emitted by an object using a high resolution lens and special software.
Thermography is used in the healthcare field to detect abnormally high and low temperature areas on the body surface in relation to lesions of underlying tissues. The map created by the measurement of IR rays emanating from the skin surface is called “Thermogram”.
The first medical thermography in medicine was performed in Montreal, Canada by Dr. It was used by Ray L. Lawson for the determination of thermal characteristics of breast tumors.
In his article about “The Effects of Surface Temperatures in the Diagnosis of Breast Cancer” in 1956, Ray Lawson described the picture of a large breast mass showing temperature change with the surrounding breast tissue, based on temperature change. These determinations were accepted by academe.
In thermography measurement, regions containing the same temperature are determined as regions of the same color, and the temperature differences of these color tones are determined according to a color scale. In addition, in this system, the temperature differences of these regions can be calculated according to the different isotherm curves formed between two different areas by drawing bright isotherm curves covering the regions containing the same temperature (same color tones) in the black and white picture.
Another convenience is the thermal profile, which allows to make a comparison between two symmetrical points of the body. Here, the difference can be easily handled by displaying the relative temperature differences at the points along a transverse line.
Abnormal body temperature is a natural indicator of the disease. Infrared Thermography (IRT) is a fast, passive, non-contact and non-invasive alternative to conventional clinical thermometers for monitoring body temperature. Also, IRT can remotely map body surface temperature. In the last five years, there has been an increase in the use of thermal imaging cameras to obtain correlations between thermal physiology and skin temperature.
IRT has been used successfully in the diagnosis of breast cancer, diabetes neuropathy and peripheral vascular disorders. It is also used to detect problems in gynecology, kidney transplant, dermatology, heart, neonatal physiology, fever scan, and brain imaging.
With the advent of modern infrared cameras, data collection and processing techniques, it is now possible to have real-time high-resolution thermographic images. Current studies focus on automated analysis of the temperature distribution of regions of interest and their statistical analysis for the detection of anomalies.